So now we know why we need sound design - who makes up the sound team? Below is a full list of audio personnel needed for a film. On larger budget projects, some departments may contain several people for each role with a supervisor overseeing them. In smaller budgets projects, many of the roles will be combined into a few roles of a smaller group of people, or even just 1 person.
Each role has been grouped into 2 of the 3 production stages of a film – the production phase and the post-production phase, however, as we will see in future articles, it is extremely beneficial to a film to involve a couple of key individuals during the pre-production phase – specifically the production sound mixer and the supervising sound editor.
Production Sound Mixer
The Production Sound Mixer is responsible for all the sound recorded on set. They source the correct equipment, direct their assistant sound team and record all the audio. In order to get the best recordings, they will choose microphones and work with other departments (costume/set design etc.) to ensure the cleanest possible audio is recorded. They will also provide a mixed version of all the microphones on set, which can be used for monitoring on set, viewing rushes and editing. They may also, with the rest of their sound team, provide audio playback on set for actors to sing or move to such as during club/dance scenes or for actors to sing along to musical numbers.